Sources of Financial Management-What are the Sources of Financial Management-What are Financial Management Sources

Sources of Financial Management

Businesses can raise money in a number of ways, such as through equity, debt, debentures, retained earnings, term loans, working capital loans, letter of credit, euro issue, venture capital, and so on. Each of these can be helpful in different ways when you need money. They are put into groups based on how long they have been around, who owns and controls them, and what generation they come from. Before choosing a way to pay for something, it’s best to look at all of your options. In this article, we will discuss about sources of financial management in brief with examples for your better understanding.

There are many ways for companies to get money when they need it. Here is a list of some of the more well-known ones, along with an explanation of their main features and a few of the most important things to think about when choosing the best one for your company. To learn about elements of financial management subject in greater detail, read this in-depth report.

Sources of Financial Management

When talking about how a company makes money, “internal sources” means money that comes from within the company. A company can use its own resources in a number of ways, such as through owner capital, retained earnings, and the sale of assets. When compared to outside financing, internal financing is the most cost-effective choice because the business doesn’t have to pay interest.

Using money from within the company, all parts of management can be looked at. When a company uses its own money instead of borrowing from outside sources, it doesn’t have to make payments. There is no rule that says payments have to line up with payroll cycles. Read on to learn more about sources of financial management and become the subject matter expert on it.

Financing a Lease

A lease is a contract in which the owner of an asset gives the lessee permission to use the asset for a set amount of time in exchange for a fixed monthly payment. In other words, it means renting out an asset for a certain amount of time. The Lessee is the person who uses the asset, and the Lessor is the person who owns the asset.

Lease rental is the payment that the lessee makes to the lessor every month in exchange for using the leased asset. The terms and conditions of the lease are written in the lease agreement. When the lease is over, the property goes back to its owner. Without lease financing, the company would not be able to grow and change.

Commercial Papers

Unsecured promissory notes are a type of financial instrument. “Commercial Paper” is their other name. India started it in 1990, and it has spread worldwide as a means for investors to diversify their portfolios and for highly rated companies to access other sources of short-term financing. Main dealers and pan-Indian financial institutions were given CP issuance authorization soon after.

People, banks, other corporate entities registered or incorporated in India, unincorporated entities, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), and Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) can purchase Certificates of Participation (CPs). Companies can issue CPs in amounts of Rs.5 lakh or multiples of that amount, and they can set the due date anywhere from seven days to one year after issuance. The sources of financial management refer to the various sources from which an organization can obtain financial resources.

Public Deposits

Public deposits are a way for organizations to get money from the general public. Most of the time, rates for public deposits are higher than rates for bank deposits. By filling out a special form, anyone who wants to give money to a good cause can do so. As proof of payment, the company gives a deposit receipt. Taking deposits from the public can help a business get the money it needs in the short and medium term.

A deposit is good for both the business and the person making the deposit. Financial institutions give depositors lower interest rates, but it costs businesses less to put money in the bank than to borrow from the bank. Businesses often ask customers for deposits that can last up to three years. The Reserve Bank of India sets rules about how public deposits can be taken.


Debentures are a good way to get money for long-term debt. So, debentures with fixed rates of interest are a common way for businesses to get money. When a company gives out a debenture, it confirms that it borrowed money and will pay it back later. As creditors, people who own debentures are very important to the business. Bondholders get a certain amount of interest every so often (usually every six months or once per year).

Before giving debentures to the public, credit rating agencies like CRISIL (Credit Rating and Information Services of India Ltd.) look at a company’s track record, profitability, ability to pay off debt, creditworthiness, and how risky it is to lend money to the company. Another important sources of financial management is debt financing, which involves borrowing money from lenders or issuing bonds to investors.

Trade Credit

A loan that one company gives to another so that the second company can buy goods or services. You don’t have to pay for goods you buy on trade credit right away. The buyer writes down this credit in their books as “different creditors” or “accounts payable.”

Trade credit is a common way for businesses to get money in the short term. Credit terms and limits depend on how stable the seller’s finances are, how good the buyer’s credit is, how often and how big the transactions are, how the seller has paid in the past, and how the market is doing. Different businesses and people may have different needs when it comes to trade credit.


Factoring agreements typically provide two services to clients: bill discounting with or without recourse, and debt collection. Under this agreement, the factor purchases accounts receivable from the sale of goods or services at a discounted price, taking over the buyer’s credit management and debt collection to safeguard the company from bad debt. There are two ways to approach factoring: recourse and non-recourse.

Recourse factoring does not protect customers from bad debts, while non-recourse factoring involves the factor assuming all credit risk. Factors gather information on how businesses handle their money, including the reliability of potential clients, enabling businesses to avoid customers who have a history of late or non-payment. Additionally, factors may offer consulting services in areas such as finance and marketing.

Financial Institutions

The government has set up a large number of financial institutions to help businesses get the money they need. For long-term and medium-term needs, they offer both capital they own and capital they lend. These organizations, which are sometimes called “Development Banks,” help a country make more things. In addition to giving money to organizations, these centers also do research, give technical help, and help with management.

Financial institutions can give a business the money it needs to grow, change, or update. The sources of financial management also include crowdfunding, which involves raising funds from a large number of individuals through online platforms.

Shares Given out

Share capital is created by selling shares, which represent small ownership interests in a business. Shareholders, who own these shares, receive a dividend that varies based on the company’s performance instead of a fixed amount.

Preference shares have some benefits over common stock, such as a guaranteed return in case of business failure, and priority in receiving dividends. However, they do not have any power in managing the company.


Several businesses can stay in business for the short term because customers and agents pay them ahead of time for orders. Some businesses with long production cycles like client advances because they are a low-cost way to get money that allows them to spend less on working capital. The sources of financial management also include leasing, which involves renting assets such as property, equipment, or vehicles.

Business Banks

Throughout history, commercial banks have been an important source of money for a wide range of purposes and times. Businesses can get loans from banks in a number of ways, such as cash credits, overdrafts, term loans, bill discounting, and issuing letters of credit.

There is a wide range of interest rates for this kind of credit because it comes from different banks, loan types, loan amounts, and loan terms.

Retained Earnings

Most companies don’t give their shareholders 100% of their profits in the form of dividends. The company could put away some of its profits for the future. People call earnings that the company keeps “retained earnings.”

A company can use this method to pay for its own operations, reinvest profits, or all three. Many factors, such as net earnings, dividend policy, and the age of the company, affect the amount of profit that the company can reinvest.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is it Important for Management to have Access to Money?

increases the value of businesses on the market, keeps the economy stable, and gets people to save for the future.

What are the Tools Used for Managing Money?

The resources of a company can be seen in its profits, retained earnings, capital funding, and liquid assets. “Liquid” assets are very valuable because they are easy to turn into cash. When they are made in-house, a company can use its own money and not have to pay interest.

Is Money a Source of Money?

Resources such as time, money, energy, materials, and capital can help people achieve their goals. What are your money-making options? Make a list of everything you own.


Good financial planning and rules are important for any business or organization to stay financially healthy over the long term and avoid going bankrupt. Financial management is important in the building and construction industry, the public sector, the food and tourism industries, and the commercial and corporate world. Continue reading to become an expert on sources of financial management and learn everything you should know about it.